There are nine different railway stations in Moscow:
1. Belorusskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to West and South-West: Berlin, Warsaw, Vilnius, Kaunas, Cologne, MInsk, Paris, Prague, Brest, Kaliningrad, Smolensk. Commuter trains to Borodino, Golitsyno, Dorokhovo, Zvenigorod, Kubinka, Mozhaysk, Odintsovo, Usovo.
2. Kazanskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to South, East and South-East of Russia, to Kazakhstan, Central Asia and China: Abakan, Anapa, Alma-Ata, Ashkhabad, Barnaul, Biysk, Bishkek, Groznyy, Dushanbe, Ekaterinburg, Izhevsk, Irkutsk, Kazan, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Omsk, Orenburg, Perm, Rostov, Ryazan, Samara, Samarkand, Tashkent, Tomsk, Tynda, Ufa, Khabarovsk, Cheboksary, Chelyabinsk. Commuter trains to Bykovo, Vinogradovo, Voskresensk, Gzhel, Egorevsk, Kolomna, Lukhovitsy, Lyubertsy, Ramenskoe, Ryazan, Shatura, Shakhovskaya.
3. Kievskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to West and South West of Russia and abroad: Budapest, Bukharest, Belgrad, Bratislava, Prague, Sofia, Bryansk, Gomel, Zhitomir, Kiev, Kishinev, Lvov, Odessa, Uzhgorod, Khmelnitskiy, Chernovtsy, Chop. Commuter trains to Aprelevka, Aeroport (Vnukovo), Vladimir, Kaluga, Kubinka, Maloyaroslavets, Nara, Sandrovo, etc.
4. Kurskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to South-West and South of Russia and CIS countries: Adler, Anapa, Baku, Batumi, Vladikavkaz, Vladimir, Donetsk, Dnepropetrovsk, Evpatoriya, Erevan, Krasnodar, Kursk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novorossiysk, Sevastopol, Simferopol, Tbilisi, Feodosiya, Kharkov, Tskhaltubo, Perm. Commuter trains to the following directions: Gorkovskoe: Balashikha, Vladimir, Kupavna, Noginsk, Orekhovo-Zuevo, Pavlovo, Petushki, Reutovo, Fryazevo, Elektrogorsk, Elektrostal, Yurevets, etc. Kurskoe direction: Podolsk, Serpukhov, Tula, Chekhov. Rizhskoe direction: Dedovsk, Volokolamsk, Nakhabino, Novoierusalimskaya, etc. Smolenskoe direction: Golitsyno, Zvenigorod, Kubinka, Mozhaysk, Usovo, etc.
5. Leningradskiy Railway /Oktyabr’skaya – Long-distance trains to North-West of Russia and abroad: St. Petersburg, Tallin, Helsinki, Borovichi, Vyborg, Murmansk, Nikel, Novgorod, Ostashkov, Petrozavodsk, Pskov. Commuter trains to Klin, Konakovo, Kryukovo, Tver, Khimki.
6. Paveletskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to points South East and East: Astrakhan, Baku, Balashov, Balakovo, Valuyki, Volgograd, Voronezh, Gryazi, Donetsk, Elets, Efremov, Kamyshin, Lipetsk, Liski, Lugansk, Novorossiysk, Pavelets, Saratov, Tambov, Tashkent, Uzlovaya, Elista. And also express trains to Domodedovo Airport (Aeroexpress).
7. Rizhskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to Riga, Velikie Luki, Rzhev, Sebezh. Commuter trains to Volokolamsk, Dedovsk, Istra, Krannogorsk, Novyy Ierusalim, Shakhovskaya.
8. Savyolovskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to Rybinsk, St. Petersburg, Uglich; commuter trains to Verbilki, Dmitrov, Dubna, Iksha, Lobnya, Savelovo, etc.
9. Yaroslavskiy Railway – Long-distance trains to points East and North-east of Russia and abroad: Peking, Ulan-Bator, Arkhangelsk, Blagoveshchensk, Vladivostok, Vologda, Vorkuta, Vyatka, Zabaykalsk, Ivanovo, Inta, Irkutsk, Kineshma, Kotlas, Kostroma, Lebytnangi, Lena, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Syktyvkar, Severodvinsk, Solikamsk, Sosnogorsk, Ulan-Ude, Usinsk, Cherepovets, Chita, Sharya, Yaroslavl.
Note that the Kazanskiy Railway, Leningradskiy Railway /OKtyabr’skaya and Yaroslavskiy Railway stations are all located at the same metro station: Komsomolskaya. The other 6 stations are located at various points around Moscow, but all are at metro stations. The Circular (Ring) line of the Moscow metro stations at the following stations from north to east to south and back again:
Levels of service
There are several levels of train service. There are passenger trains. These tend to be older cars. The trains to make more stops, stopping at smaller towns and villages. They travel more slowly. They are ok for local use but to be avoided in general. The train numbers tend to be higher.
There are skoriy trains, meaning fast trains. These tend to be newer. As the name implies they tend to be faster. They are fine for long distance use. Their train numbers tend to be lower.
There are skoriy firmeniy trains, meaning fast trains with extra service. These tend to be even newer, even faster and thus even more expensive. Generally they are the nicest trains. Their train numbers tend to be the lowest and their service tends to be the best, a more modern car with air conditioning, more comfortable bunks, newer bedding, cleaner bathrooms.
Even on the same train, cars can vary. Some cars can with the different classes of service as well. For a berth in a 2nd class compartment the price will vary considerably depending upon the train, the level of service, whether meals, newspapers, snacks and such are included. Same ticket purchased through an agency will cost more.
Types of Accommodations
Generally speaking there are three types of accommodation – platskartny (a “rolling dorm” with 6 berths in an open compartment,could refer as 3d class), kupejnij (also called kupé, or 2d class, a closed sleeping compartment with 4 reasonably comfortable beds), myagkij, luks or spalny vagon (or 1st class, an expensive sleeping compartment with 2 beds).
Here you can compare prices for different types of trains and classes that go from/to Moscow – Saint-Petersburg (March, 2011, www.tutu.ru):
|Type of Train||1st class / price||2d class / price||3d class / price|
|Skoriy firmeniy train||200-600USD||100-120USD||–|
There are some people who believe that platskartniy offers more safety because there are always people around. They often feel that traveling this way is part of the experience and besides it is less expensive. The down side is that there are 54 people sharing the 2 toilets, nothing to keep the noise level down, nothing to keep the odors away, little to no privacy.
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