Want to visit Moscow Kremlin, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Armory and the Diamond Fund? Check our Moscow Kremlin private tour! The Kremlin is the heart of Russia and of course Moscow. It is one of the most important things that you should visit during your stay in Moscow. The Kremlin is the place from where Moscow started. It's history is so interesting that you can spend almost all the day visiting the Kremlin and the Red Square. The most important thing about this tour that you can see not only the walls and towers of this great structure but also you can go inside of the most important fortress for all the Russians.
Description: The Kremlin Private Tour
History of The Moscow Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin is a unique monument of history and culture with its splendid creations of architecture and art.
The Kremlin has always been the focal point of the growth of the Russian state, the stage of many dramatic and glorious events. This architectural ensemble of rare beauty and character grew up gradually over the centuries. It is rightly called a "chronicle in stone".
The first entries in this chronicle were made in 1147 by Prince Yuri Dologoruky (the Long-Armed) who ruled Moscow which then covered only a part of the territory of the present Kremlin. Burnt down by the Mongol-Tatars in 1238, Moscow recovered and continued to grow. The oak walls of the Kremlin erected by Prince Ivan Kalita (the Moneybag) around 1340 defended what was now the capital city of a principality which included many of the Russian lands. The first Assumption Cathedral erected in the Kremlin, a very small one, was built at the same time. The cathedral later became the main church of Russian Orthodoxy.
The white-stone walls of the Kremlin erected in 1366-1367 issued a challenge to the powerful Mongol-Tatar overlords. An army assembled from the various Russian lands and led by Prince Dmitri Donskoy of Moscow marched out from the Kremlin against the Mongol-Tatars, and his victory in the Battle of Kulikovo of 1380 laid the foundations for the liberation of Russia from foreign dominion. The walls erected under Ivan III at the end of the fifteenth century were a symbol of the final collapse of this foreign overlord ship.
When he became an "autocrat", i.e., the head of a powerful, independent state, Ivan III began a large-scale building program in the Kremlin. As well as fortified walls and towers, he built the magnificent Hall of Facets, a new Assumption Cathedral, the Archangel and Annunciation cathedrals, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe and the Ivan the Great Bell-Tower. This formed the splendid architectural ensemble in the Cathedral Square, which at that time was completed in the south by the Treasury Court where the grand prince's valuables were kept.
The Growth of the Kremlin from 1147 till XVth century
Ivan IV's adoption of the title of tsar was an important landmark in the history of Russia. He was crowned tsar in the Assumption Cathedral in 1547. In the same year the chronicle mentions the Armoury. This now contains the collection of royal treasures and is the oldest Russian museum. Under Ivan IV the Russian state began to drive out its former overlords, the successors of the Mongol-Tatars. The world-famous Cathedral of St Basil's (or Church of the Intercession-on-the-Moat which is its official name) was erected by the Saviour (then Florov) Gate to commemorate the taking of Kazan.
The Russian people's struggle for national independence at the beginning of the seventeenth century ended in 1612 with the liberation of the Kremlin from the supporters of the foreign tsar, the son of the king of Poland. The country recovered rapidly and already by 1625 the Saviour Tower acquired new tiers and a characteristic silhouette quite unlike that of other fortified structures.
In the decades that followed the architecture of the Kremlin was enriched by such buildings as the royal Terem Palace and palace churches and the Poteshny Palace. The Patriarchal Palace was completely rebuilt.
When the new Russian capital, St Petersburg, was built in the reign of Peter the Great, Moscow still remained a most important center of state government, and the Kremlin continued to be a place where many administrative buildings were concentrated, such as the Treasury Court, the prikaz (government department) buildings of 1591 and 1675-1680, Arsenal and Matvei Kazakov's unexcelled masterpiece known as the Senate (1776-1787), which is now the Residence of the Russian President.
The war of 1812 was a bitter one for Russia. Napoleon even succeeded, albeit it not for long, in taking Moscow. As they retreated the enemy blew up several buildings and towers in the Kremlin, which were restored after the Russian army entered Paris.
The year 1818 saw the birth in the Kremlin of Alexander II, the emperor who abolished serfdom, an autocrat who from the heights of his throne carried out transformations that filled the sails of the Russian state with fresh breezes. In the reign of his father, Nicholas I, the Grand Kremlin Palace was erected in the Kremlin, a true monument to the greatness of Imperial Russia.
In March 1918 Moscow became the capital once more, and the Kremlin the residence of supreme power, which remained there even in 1941, when the German army reached the approaches to Moscow. Enemy planes were only ten minutes away from Red Square where on 7 November, 1941 Joseph Stalin addressed the forces lined up for the traditional parade to mark the anniversary of the October revolution. In less than four years' time the troops that had defeated Germany marched over the Red Square in a victory parade and the banners of the vanquished enemy were cast down at the base of the mausoleum.
For centuries the Kremlin has been the center and symbol of the Russian state. It was always the finest Russian and foreign architects who were invited here to create and preserve an historical and architectural complex unlike any other in Europe. This was universally recognized when in 1990 the Moscow Kremlin, with its buildings from the 14th to the 20th centuries was included by UNESCO in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List.
What You Will See: The Kremlin Private TourWhat it is possible to see and visit during this tour (all museums and churches that you could visit inside are marked with red stars):
- The Secret Gardens
- The Tsar Cannon
- The Tsar Bell
- The State Kremlin Palace
- The Senate
- The Senate Square
- The Arsenal
- Alexandrovsky Garden*
- The Red Square
- Saint Basil's Cathedral*
- Kremlin Walls
The Kremlin Private Tour and The Red Square Tour Gallery
How much will the tour cost?
Prices for our tours starts usually from 35 USD. This price is per hour, per group (not more than 4 people). We offer almost the lowest prices in Moscow for our tours and you'll get more than expected.
We are not a tour company - we are two private guides so that makes it easy for you to contact us and get your own private tour with the best price.
What's included and excluded?
Price's included personal help and planning of your private tour. Guided services during your trip in Moscow. Tips about food, restaurants, bars, transportation, accommodation etc. Any additional requests that you could have during your private tour. And of course full supports of the group.
Price's excluded entrance fees to the museums, churches or other attractions of Moscow. Souvenirs, food, bevarages.
What Determines the Price?
The price can vary according to special requests that you've got (e.g. when you'd like to visit the Golden Ring's Cities that means that you'll need to pay extra for train or car), dates that you've chosen and the number of days (the more you choose the less you pay).