St Basil’s Cathedral: History
One of my favourite place to visit in Moscow is – St Basil’s Cathedral. I believe the most notable and famous all around the world about Russia. During every Moscow private guided tour me or my sister show our guests this amazing cathedral. Also we know some spots in Moscow from which you can make beautiful pictures of the Kremlin, St Basil’s Cathedral and The Red Square at once. This is the best-known church in Moscow — St Basil’s Cathedral or the Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, is located on the Red Square next to the Kremlin wall. It is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This cathedral is jointly used by the State Historical Museum and the Russian orthodox Church, and thus religious services are conducted there from time to time. Its history goes back to the time when Ivan the Terrible was the supreme ruler of Russia. The St Basil’s Cathedral was built in 1555-1561, to commemorate the successful termination of the Kazan military campaigns. Its smaller churches were consecrated to honor the saints at whose days important victories were achieved, and the main church, which is located in the center of the complex and is taller than the rest, was dedicated to the holy day of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos — that was the day when city Kazan was taken.