During the private Kremlin tour with my guests we cannot miss one of the gorgeous square the Moscow Kremlin - Ivanovskaya Square. The name was given because of the Great Bell Tower of Ivan the Great (grandfather of Ivan the Terrible, who started unification process of Russia). During the guided tour of the beautiful ensemble of Ivanovskaya Square we visit not only the Bell Tower but also Tainitskiy (Secret) Gardens, Tsar Bell and Tsar Cannon. You can't miss these beautiful part of Moscow Kremlin if you visit the private Kremlin tour with me! Let me show and tell what we usually see there with my guests.
Today I would like to share with you my own Moscow tour for the guests that I usually do. Usually these guests don't have a lot of time in Moscow and such requests I get from layover travelers. Let me share with you my own experience what you can see and visit in Moscow during the Layover Moscow Tour - 4-6 hours.
St Basil's Cathedral: History
One of my favourite place to visit in Moscow is - St Basil's Cathedral. I believe the most notable and famous all around the world about Russia. During every Moscow private guided tour me or my sister show our guests this amazing cathedral. Also we know some spots in Moscow from which you can make beautiful pictures of the Kremlin, St Basil's Cathedral and The Red Square at once. This is the best-known church in Moscow — St Basil's Cathedral or the Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, is located on the Red Square next to the Kremlin wall. It is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This cathedral is jointly used by the State Historical Museum and the Russian orthodox Church, and thus religious services are conducted there from time to time. Its history goes back to the time when Ivan the Terrible was the supreme ruler of Russia. The St Basil's Cathedral was built in 1555-1561, to commemorate the successful termination of the Kazan military campaigns. Its smaller churches were consecrated to honor the saints at whose days important victories were achieved, and the main church, which is located in the center of the complex and is taller than the rest, was dedicated to the holy day of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos — that was the day when city Kazan was taken.
Want to visit Moscow Kremlin, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Armory and the Diamond Fund? Check our Moscow Kremlin private tour! The Kremlin is the heart of Russia and of course Moscow. It is one of the most important things that you should visit during your stay in Moscow. The Kremlin is the place from where Moscow started. It's history is so interesting that you can spend almost all the day visiting the Kremlin and the Red Square.
Kolomenskoye village was first mentioned in the testament of Ivan Kalita (1339). As the time went by, the village was developed as a favourite country estate of grand princes of Muscovy. The earliest extant structure is the exceptional Ascension church (1532), built in white stone to commemorate the long-awaited birth of an heir to the throne, the future Ivan the Terrible. Being the first stone church of tent-like variety, the uncanonical "White Column" (as it is sometimes referred to) marked a stunning rupture with the Byzantine tradition.
The church stands up toward the sky from a low cross-shaped podklet (ground floor), then follows a prolonged chetverik (octagonal body) of the church, and then an octagonal tent, crowned by a tiny dome. The narrow pilasters on the sides of the chetverik, the arrow-shaped window frames, the three tiers of the kokoshniks and the quiet rhythm of stair arcades and open galleries underline the dynamic tendency of this masterpiece of the Russian architecture. The whole vertical composition is believed to have been borrowed from hipped roof-style wooden churches of the Russian North. Recognizing its outstanding value for humanity, UNESCO decided to inscribe the church on the World Heritage List in 1994.