The current building was built on Theatre Square in 1824. It was designed by architect Andrei Mikhailov, who had built the nearby Maly Theatre in 1824.
At that time, all Russian theatres were imperial property. Moscow and St Petersburg each had only two theatres, one intended for opera and ballet (these were known as the Bolshoi Theatres), and one for plays (tragedies and comedies). As opera and ballet were considered nobler than drama, the opera houses were named "Grand Theatres" ("Bolshoi" being the Russian for "large" or "grand") and the drama theatres were called "Smaller Theatre" ("Maly" being the Russian for "small", "lesser", or "little").
The Bolshoi Theatre's original name was the Imperial Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, while the St. Petersburg Bolshoi Theatre (demolished in 1886), was called the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre.
The Moscow theatre was inaugurated on 18 January 1825 with a performance of Fernando Sor's ballet, Cendrillon. Initially, it presented only Russian works, but foreign composers entered the repertoire starting around 1840. A fire in 1853 caused extensive damage; reconstruction was carried out by Alberto Cavos, son of Catterino Cavos, an opera composer. The theater reopened in 1856. During World War II, the theatre was damaged by a bomb, but it was promptly repaired.
The Bolshoi has been the site of many historic premieres including Tchaikovsky's The Voyevoda and Mazeppa, and Rachmaninoff's Aleko and Francesca da Rimini.
How much will the tour cost?
Prices for our tours starts usually from 35 USD. This price is per hour, per group (not more than 4 people). We offer almost the lowest prices in Moscow for our tours and you'll get more than expected.
We are not a tour company - we are two private guides so that makes it easy for you to contact us and get your own private tour with the best price.
What's included and excluded?
Price's included personal help and planning of your private tour. Guided services during your trip in Moscow. Tips about food, restaurants, bars, transportation, accommodation etc. Any additional requests that you could have during your private tour. And of course full supports of the group.
Price's excluded entrance fees to the museums, churches or other attractions of Moscow. Souvenirs, food, bevarages.
What Determines the Price?
The price can vary according to special requests that you've got (e.g. when you'd like to visit the Golden Ring's Cities that means that you'll need to pay extra for train or car), dates that you've chosen and the number of days (the more you choose the less you pay).