Bolshoi Theatre

Written by GUYS². Posted in It's Worth To Visit

Bolshoi Theatre


The current building was built on Theatre Square in 1824. It was designed by architect Andrei Mikhailov, who had built the nearby Maly Theatre in 1824.

At that time, all Russian theatres were imperial property. Moscow and St Petersburg each had only two theatres, one intended for opera and ballet (these were known as the Bolshoi Theatres), and one for plays (tragedies and comedies). As opera and ballet were considered nobler than drama, the opera houses were named “Grand Theatres” (“Bolshoi” being the Russian for “large” or “grand”) and the drama theatres were called “Smaller Theatre” (“Maly” being the Russian for “small”, “lesser”, or “little”).

The Bolshoi Theatre’s original name was the Imperial Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, while the St. Petersburg Bolshoi Theatre (demolished in 1886), was called the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre.

The Moscow theatre was inaugurated on 18 January 1825 with a performance of Fernando Sor’s ballet, Cendrillon. Initially, it presented only Russian works, but foreign composers entered the repertoire starting around 1840. A fire in 1853 caused extensive damage; reconstruction was carried out by Alberto Cavos, son of Catterino Cavos, an opera composer. The theater reopened in 1856. During World War II, the theatre was damaged by a bomb, but it was promptly repaired.

The Bolshoi has been the site of many historic premieres including Tchaikovsky’s The Voyevoda and Mazeppa, and Rachmaninoff’s Aleko and Francesca da Rimini.

See Also

  • Bolshoi Theatre Official Website (engl)

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